The periphery, or hinterland, was dominated by the core, or heartland. The northern half of North America remained British because of the importance of fur as a staple product. The medium is the message and the global village are concepts McLuan developed in the s. Similarities Between the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Canada, and also those in HIST The need to defend long trading routes in the fur trade led to the centralizing, imperialistic tendency of Central Canada. When staple exports depend on both the demand and supply sides, staple theory suggests that the path of economic evolution taken by a region is very much contingent upon the supply-side initiatives taken by individuals in staple-rich regions.

Early civilization was confined by these limits to three distinct areas. To determine the importance of staples to the per-person growth process, one cannot simply assume away linkage or spread effects. Whereas in Canada the beaver was fittingly chosen as a symbol of unity, in Newfoundland the cod was largely responsible for disunity. The characteristics of the staple product shaped the type of society which evolved. Instead, staple theory underlies the importance of human agency in the development process through the supply side, given the demand for staples and related products. This trading link cemented Canada’s cultural links to Britain.

Successful economic growth required flexibility in shifting from one to another staple and economic circumstances changed. This fur trade was controlled by large firms, such as the Hudson’s Bay Company and thus produced the much more centralized, business-oriented society that today characterizes Montreal and Toronto.

Staple Thesis

The characteristics of the staple product shaped the type of society which evolved. Thus, economic performance can be affected by forms of labor organization adopted in the staple economy: The staples thesis and the ideas developed from it shaples McLuan are uniquely Canadian intellectual contributions. Argued that the pattern of settlement and economic development in Canada, up to the 20th century, and perhaps even now, has been shaped by production of a few products for export.


Guysborough County still relies primarily on its fisheries which does not provide high incomes in the area. But the staple trap is not an inevitable by-product of staple production; rather, it is largely a function of supply-side decisions made by decision makers thesls the erstwhile staple economy.

Staples and Staple Theory

The political economy of Canada: Modern Language Association http: Staple theorists including Innis have long recognized that staple economies need not prosper, and might even fall into what has been dubbed as a “staple trap. Supporting this effort to hold Canada together with an east-west railroad was a faith in technology to overcome physical obstacles. Accessed 22 May The early links between the Canadian interior and eastern ports led to Canadian unity and its distinctiveness from the United States.

staples thesis innis

Focusing upon the demand side paints a distorted picture of the growth process and distorts the analyses of the role, which exports play in this process. Innis’s call for an economic history more appropriate to Canadian experience was, in terms of cultural history, a tesis parallel to the insistence of the painters of the Group of Seven for a more authentic, indigenous art freed from the bondage of European paradigms. Exporting staple products—products that can be produced in surplus or excess relative to domestic demand—potentially yields a higher per person level of output than focusing on a less export-oriented process and treating staple products like any other product.

staples thesis innis

Like Frederick Jackson Turner in the U. The importance of fur as a staple product ihnis, notably, in the northern half of the continent remaining British.

In a region with the extensive waterways which characterize the northern part of North America economic development is powerfully directed toward concentration on staples for export to more highly industrialized nations. Article published February 07, ; last modified December 16, Library and Archives Canada www. Similarities Between the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries.

Social Tagging About Social Tagging. A good staple not only increases X but also stimulates I and C and tends to reduce M. Search The Canadian Encyclopedia. For instance, the staple commodity in Stapoes Canada was cod.


Staple Thesis | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Canada, the United StatesAustralia, and New Zealand are nations where staples appear to have played a positive role in fostering economic development. Also important, however, were the shocks caused by volatility in the market for wheat and by the weather itself on the growing season.

Canada’s greatest challenge was to unite the country across a vast and varied geography. Innis argues that staplds staples wtaples to the emergence of regional economies and societies within Canada.

This spread of civilization was dependent on the geographic characteristics of the area and on the character and institutions of the people involved. More recently s Irving Kravis — argued that domestic supply-side variables were of overriding importance in the determination of export-led growth in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. These non-staple industries can, in time, become export oriented given their low production costs, which are partially attributed to the development of the staple-related residentiary industries.

Rather, determining the veracity of the causal assumptions made by staple theorists is at the heart of any determination of the role played by staple exports in the development or growth process. Source Cod drying on flakes, Newfoundland, circa Agreeing that Canada had been born with a staple economy, they differed insofar as Mackintosh saw a continuing evolution toward a mature industrialized economy based on staple production, whereas Innis saw a tendency for Canada to become permanently locked into dependency as a resource hinterland.

Author: admin