Case study is the least understood, research strategy and even researchers who are opting for it have only a bare minimum idea of its appropriate use. Inclusion of quantitative steps of analysis: It is important that there is an alignment. YIN’s a answer to this:. As matter of fact, case study as a research strategy comprises an all-encompassing method, which means that a number of methods may be used—either qualitative, quantitative or both cf. It is this combination that fosters its strong ability to deal with complexity.

Yin a argues that the unit of analysis irrespective of the research design, whether it is a single case study or multiple case study can be holistic or embedded. Qualitative and quantitative approaches. While describing the case the researcher has taken a slight diversion from what has been suggested by Miles and Huberman by distinguishing between the case and unit of analysis, not in principle but in practice. Qualitative Health Research , 15 9 , Social research methods 2nd ed. However, depending on the depth and range of the extant literature, the initial focus of the case study may be quite focused or broad and open-ended.

However, going into greater detail concerning these issues would be beyond the scope of this paper.

If patterns coincide, internal validity is enhanced. The Use of Theory in Case Study Using a single or multiple case study, the need, whether to use a theory or not has been debated by the authors and concluded in divergence.

CaseStudy < MoM < Foswiki

However, this seems to be rather the description of a general approach to analyzing documents qualitatively. Even a case study which is normally believed to be a qualitative research can be limited to quantitative evidence Yin, a.

In the course of a first appraisal of the material the data locations are marked, and in a second scrutiny these are processed and extracted. The case study method allows an investigator to retain holistic and meaningful characteristics of real-life events Kohlbacher, There is an emphasis on allowing categories to emerge contejt of data and on recognizing the significance for understanding the meaning of the context in which an item being analyzed and the qualtative derived from it appeared” BRYMAN,p.


As a first step a lexico-grammatical definition is attempted, then the material for explication is determined, and this is followed by a narrow context analysis, and a broad context analysis. Subject-reference instead of technique: Inclusion of quantitative steps of analysis: Finally the use of qualitative content analysis for developing case studies is examined and evaluated.

Within a feedback loop the categories are revised, eventually reduced to main categories and checked in respect to their reliability MAYRING, a, [12].

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

Email this article Login required. To analyze qualitative data, the researcher can use predefined quualitative based on the theoretical referential – backed induction by theory of defined based. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. A similar definition has been extended by Ocntent and Huberman as a phenomenon of some sort occurring in a bounded context.

The first one is to analyze the standard representation in CA specifically, in categoricalconsisting of two key processes: The phenomenon more stable is the starting point for defining what data contextual should be collected, and it is also the meeting point of the procedures for analyzing data with the theoretical model.

In fact, MAYRING recommends his qualitative content analysis in the case of theory-guided text analysis but rather not in the case of oohlbacher explorative-interpretive interpretation of the material p. This can be referred to as mixed-method research. From Qualitatjve to Elite: According to YIN a, pp. As the word research implies, the subject of interest here are research case studies.


All the eminent authors who have contributed towards the development of the case study strategy i. Case study method, key issues, key texts. This requires prior identification of a sequence of events us are expected to produce an outcome and comparing this trend with what the empirical findings suggest Yin, The above steps allow us to state that a basic principle of the operation of categorical AC is the data reduction through two key processes: The first technique is pattern matching-comparing empirically based patterns with the predicted ones; we consider it as the most desirable technique for case study analysis.

Three approaches to qualitative content analysis. In Julia Brannen Ed.

Therefore, research questions about “how” and “why” rather than “what” or “how much” are best suited to the case study strategy ibid. Finally an “explicatory paraphrase” is made of the particular portion of text and the explication is examined with reference to the total context.

The Use of Qualitative Content Analysis in Case Study Research

According to Yin a unlike statistical analysis, there are few fixed formulas or cookbook recipes to guide the novice. It highlights the focus on oral and written production, whose key elements are the sender, the medium, the message and the receiver.

the use of qualitative content analysis in case study research kohlbacher

According to Neuman generally data analysis means a search for patterns in data.

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